Political System

 

 

 

 

Kosovo is a parliamentary republic and a modern democratic state that is based on the principle of separation, control and balance of powers, as defined by the Constitution. The majority of Kosovo's population is comprised of ethnic Albanians, while the Constitution guarantees that other non-Albanian communities enjoy equal rights with the majority of the population, and play a key role, at times even decisive, on the matters of state leadership, provided through constitutional right to a double majority.

Kosovo’s main institutions are: The Assembly of the Republic of Kosovo, which is unicameral, consisting of 120 assembly members, and exercises legislative power. Within this division, twenty (20) out of one hundred and twenty (120) seats are guaranteed for the non-majority communities in Kosovo.

The country's President represents the unity of the people, and is a legitimate representative inside the country and abroad, and guarantees the democratic functioning of the institutions of the Republic of Kosovo. The Government is the other body responsible for implementation of state laws and policies, and is subject to parliamentary control, while the judicial power is unique, independent and exercised by the Courts. Kosovo's Constitution provides for participation of all non-majority communities in the Government, with at least three Ministers, five Deputy Ministers, and other posts, subject to respective agreements between political parties that make the coalitions to govern the country.

The civic concept, civic equality and human rights, multi-ethnic character, special protection of the rights of communities living in Kosovo/positive discrimination, or secularity and neutrality on religious issues, and non-prohibition of same gender marriages, are considered as some of the most advanced and progressive features of the highest legal act in Kosovo, namely its Constitution.

The official languages in the Republic of Kosovo are Albanian and Serbian, while the Turkish, Bosnian and Roma languages have official language status at the Municipal level. Due to the large international presence, the English language is relatively widely used. The strong ties to the European states, because of a large presence of Kosovo's Diaspora in European countries, and the very young age of the population, have given a strong boost to the use of other languages, in particular, the German language.

The Republic of Kosovo has its own institutions for protection of constitutional order, territorial integrity, order and public peace, which operate under the constitutional authority of the democratic institutions of the Republic of Kosovo. Kosovo Security Institutions are established based on the most advanced international standards and practices, and have been considered, by several credible organizations, among the best in the region.

Kosovo has 38 Municipalities, ten of which are comprised of the Serb-majority population and are led by the Serb community, and one of them by the Turkish minority living in Kosovo. Although a small country, it is estimated that there are over 30 political parties in Kosovo and more than 50 civic initiatives. Also, Kosovo allows dual citizenship.  

International

Relations

 

 

In less than a decade from the Declaration of Independence, Kosovo has consistently strengthened and expanded its international presence and subjectivity. Within this time frame, Kosovo managed to acquire 115 international recognitions, and establish diplomatic relations with 88 countries that have recognized Kosovo as an independent and sovereign state, while the establishment of diplomatic relations with 26 other states is in progress.
 

Membership in regional, European and international organizations remains a key priority for Kosovo, as it is considered a crucial process to improve the country’s international position and to take advantage of opportunities that each organization provides for economic, political and social development.

Kosovo’s membership in international organizations as an independent and sovereign country is seen as an important step by local decision-makers, and by the majority of Kosovar society, towards fulfilling the country’s aspiration to join the EU, NATO and UN.
 

There is no political party or civic initiative in Kosovo that supports any optional orientations other than that of strategic relations with the United States and the European Union, and the country’s full membership in Euro-Atlantic structures. All the most credible international surveys, such as the Pew Research Centre, have shown that Albanians are the most pro-American people, while membership in the European Union and NATO receives an unwavering support from the Institutions and the people.
 

Over the past ten years, Kosovo has become a full member with equal rights in over 60 different regional, European and international organizations. Within its ten years of existence, Kosovo has managed to have a broad diplomatic coverage, being present in almost every corner of the world. As a result, it now counts 25 Embassies, 1 Special Mission, 6 Consulates General and 5 Consulates.


Statistics

25

Embassies

1

Special Mission

6

Consulates General

21

Consular Missions